Jharkhand- Resources and Environment


Jharkhand Forests - At a Glance

Most of the forests of Jharkhand, as much as 79 percent, were privately owned until the Zamindari system was abolished under the Bihar Land Reforms Act, 1950. Before acquisition of these Zamindari forests, their wanton destruction was the order of the day. However, the things took a turn for better thereafter. At present, the State is having 29.61% of its total landmass under forest cover.


(Basic Recorded Details of Jharkhand)
Geographical Area: 79,714 Sq. Km.
Forest Area: 23,605.47 Sq. Km.
Percentage of Forest Area to Country's Geog. Area: 3.10
Per Capita Forest Area: 0.088 ha.
Reserved Forest (RF) : 4,387.20 Sq. Km.
Protected Forest (PF): 19,184.78 Sq. Km.
Unclassed Forest (UF): 33.49 Km.
Dense Forest: 11,787 Sq. Km. (Canopy Density:>40 %)
Open Forest: 10,850 Sq. Km. (Canopy Density:10-40 %)
Scrub Forest : 976 Sq. Km.



Mineral Resources

Jharkhand is endowed with vast natural resources specially the different variety of minerals ranging from Iron ore, Copper ore, Coal, Mica, Bauxite, Fire clay, Graphite, Kyanite, Sillimanite, Lime Stone, Uranium and other minerals. Mumbai and atomic minerals, Jharkhand is one of the leading producer of mineral wealth in the country.

Iron Ore

The total reserve of Hematite in Jharkhand region is over 3000 million tones. Out of this total reserves 2000 million tones occur in Chiria, near Monoharpur in the Singbhum district is one of the largest single deposits of the world. The average quality of Chiria deposits 62-63% Fe content which should be judiciously exploited in, phased manner to suit the long term need of our country. However, the Chiria deposit has the potential to establish a large mine with the production capacity of 10 million tones per annum with the state-of-the-art technology.


Coal is the most important and abundant fossil fuel in India. It accounts for 63% of the country's energy need.

Almost 100% of prime coking coal, 93% of medium coking coal and about 30% of the semi coking coal or blendable coal reserves are available in Jharkhand. The total reserves of the coal in Jharkhand is of the order 69128 million tones which spread over Jharia, Bokaro, Rajmahal, Hazaribagh and Chatra area.es of prime coking coal in the country. TheThe availability of prime coking coal in the country is quite meager. Jharia Coal field is the only resources of prime coking coal in the country. The production of prime coking coal from the region is limited. However, comparatively the medium quality coking coal are available in abundance.

Lime Stone

There are 22 mines of limestone in Jharkhand having a total reserve of 563 million tones in Palamau, Hazaribagh, Singbhum and Ranchi districts. All grades of lime stone (BF, SMS and Cement grade) are available in these mines.


The Graphite reserve of Jharkhand are mainly located in Palamau district. The most important deposit of Palamau district is located at Sokra, Satbarba, Barwadih area where both flaky and amorphous graphite occur in lumpy form. A reserve of 0.6 million tones with 50 to 60% carbon content has been estimated at Sokra. The deposits of Palamau district are being mined mainly by State Mineral Development Corporation and few private parties.

Granite and ornamental stones

Extensive deposits of granite and ornamental stones such as dolomites, gabber, banded hematite jasper and migmatites etc. are also available in this state. Based on the IBM reports, the granite reserved are estimated to be around 19 millions cu.mt.


Jharkhand which is having about 46% of the Mica reserves, continues to be the leading producer of Mica in the country.


Ore Rich deposits of Copper ore occur in East Singbhum region. Hindustan Copper Ltd. Is mining copper ore for its copper plant at Ghatshila for extraction of copper. Copper ore reserves have estimated to be about 110 million tones. A large number of Reconaissance Permit application for copper and other base metal are being processed at state level.